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New satellite imagery of the border area between Sudan and South Sudan shows that neither government has fulfilled international obligations to demilitarize their shared border. Despite public recommitments made by both presidents in early September 2013, Sudanese and South Sudanese forces retain military units within the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone (SDBZ), including areas that are still subject to border dispute. DigitalGlobe satellite imagery shows that Sudan has kept a military presence along the border at six locations with 14 occupied positions. Sudan appears to have made an effort to remove or relocate some units positioned inside the SDBZ, but only the unit at Radom appears to be vacated. South Sudanese forces dismantled and then reoccupied a highway defensive position at Teshwin and have reduced their presence at Al Abyad Lake, Kiir Adem, Al-Kwek and Joda. Still, South Sudan maintains a presence at 10 locations in the SDBZ with 22 units. Tanks, technicals (truck-mounted heavy machine guns) and tents are visible on both sides of the border in satellite imagery (Figure 1).
The human rights and humanitarian crisis in South Sudan’s largest state of Jonglei continues to worsen. The long history of rebellion and inter-ethnic clashes in Jonglei has evolved into three overlapping crises: major intercommunal attacks between Murle and Lou Nuer militias, which have led to thousands of deaths and displacements; anongoing destructive rebellion led by David Yau Yau; and major human rights abuses committed by South Sudan’s army against Murle civilians. The suffering of Jonglei’s civilian population is intensifying from the continuing violence and a lack of access to humanitarian assistance.
El-Fasher University students Monday took the street to protest against the administrative referendum which started in Darfur five states on the same day.
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The Obama administration should look to its successful sanctions regime and subsequent diplomacy with Iran as a model for ending violence in Sudan, according toa new report by NOOW partner, advocacy organization Enough Project.
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Today, NOOW partner the Enough Project released its latest report, “Modernized Sanctions for Sudan: Unfinished Business for the Obama Administration,” co-authored by NOOW board member John Prendergast and Brad Brooks-Rubin.
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A U.K. court recently dismissed a claim made by the Government of Djibouti against a powerful businessman who had fallen out of favor with the government. The politically-connected businessman, Abdourahman Mohamed Mahmoud Boreh, is credited with playing an integral role in the development of the nation’s ports, oil storage, and duty free facilities. The government is petitioning for control of these facilities that are currently owned by Dubai-based DP World and other subsidiaries. Its argument rests in how bribery and fraudulent agreements for consultancy payments infringe upon investment and infrastructure agreements that are already in effect. Justice Flaux asserted that the legal proceedings were jumpstarted by Boreh’s lack of support for the president running for a third term, noting a break in their former friendship.
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Thursday, March 3rd 2016 was World Wildlife Day. This year, with the theme of protection of elephants in particular and recognizing the links between wildlife trafficking and the perpetration of atrocities in central and eastern Africa, NOOW partner The Enough Project is calling on U.S. Congress to pass critical anti-wildlife trafficking legislation.
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